Exploring Challenges of Time Management Practices of Principals in Pakistan

Dr Zakia Ali - Education Department abasyn University Peshawar
Dr. Maher Bano


The main purpose of this paper was to investigate time management practices of the Secondary and Higher Secondary Schools principals in Districts Malakand and Dir (Lower), Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KPK), Pakistan. Much research exists on the time management practices of teachers at school levels in Pakistan. However, little is known on the comparative believes of teachers and principals about time management practices at secondary and higher secondary schools level in Pakistan. Hence, this research paper contributes to this gap in the current research. A questionnaire was developed and used for data collection. For this study, the researcher randomly selected 210 principals and teachers with the ratio of 133 from District Dir lower and 77 from district Malakand on the basis of Kregicie and Morgan (1970) method of sampling. A three point rating scale was used to rank principals’ perceptions of their practices about time management. Response choices were 1=Never, 2=Sometimes, 3=Always. Two districts, District Malakand and Dir (Lower) were selected for the study. List of all registered/affiliated schools were obtained from the Board of Intermediate & Secondary Education (BISE) Malakand. The research fund that majority of the principals were of the view that feedback is always sought from each participant before taking any decision on the agenda item. This provides the impression that there is a discrepancy between the views of teachers and principals on the said item. It shows that as compared to principals, most of the teachers responded that their views are sometimes sought from the participants before taking an appropriate decision over an agenda item.