Non-verbal Communication by Teachers in the Classroom Management at Primary Level in Pakistan.

Saira Maqbool - Asstt.Professor,Alama Iqbal Open University Islamabad, Pakistan,
Saima Maqbool - Asstt.Professor, Khushal Khan Khattak University Karak, Pakistan
Shahzad-ul-Hassan - Research Scholar Islamia University, Bahawalpur


Effective teaching and learning requires communication both verbal and non-verbal. This study exploresnon-verbal communication by teachers for the class room management at primary level in Pakistan. The researcher strives to find out the frequency of the use of non-verbal communication by the teachers. This being a descriptive research, a survey was conducted on the sample of 106 private school teachers selected through random sampling. A Likert scale questionnaire was developed which contained 30 questions from the areas of instructional procedures, desisting deviancy, students’ needs and environment of the class. The data collected was tabulated and analyzed in percentages. The research found that teachers often use non-verbal communication in first two areas i.e. instructional procedures and desisting deviancy as compared to latter two i.e. students’ needs and environment of the class. The major recommendation of the study is that the teachers should be trained to utilize the non-verbal communication in their classroom environment. Policy makers and curriculum designers should acknowledge the importance of non-verbal communication by making it a part of the teachers’ education in the courses such as B.Ed and M.Ed.